Dorothy Hodgkin’s work was acknowledged by a number of honours during her lifetime and beyond. She received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1964 (only the third woman to do so) for, “for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances.” The following year, she was also only the second woman to receive the Order of Merit, of which there are only 24 living holders at any one time.
Dorothy Hodgkin was also presented with the Copley Medal (an award from the Royal Society for outstanding achievement), the Lenin Peace Prize (the Soviet equivalent of the Nobel Peace Prize), the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art, and was a Fellow of the Royal Society. Dorothy was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science degree by Bath University, and was Chancellor of Bristol University for eighteen years up to 1988.
Posthumously, the Royal Society set up a Dorothy Hodgkin fellowship for researchers in the early stages of their careers. Furthermore, when the Royal Society celebrated its 350th anniversary with a collection of ten postage stamps, Dorothy Hodgkin was the only woman featured (she was also featured on one of the five ‘Women of Achievement’ stamps produced by the Royal Mail in 1996). Somerville College, Oxford commemorates Dorothy as one of its most famous alumni with an annual memorial lecture focusing on some aspect of her work.
Finally, there are a number of academic and civic buildings around the country named after her, including the science block at her old school, Sir John Leman in Beccles.